Project Team Members:
From 2004 to 2006, and in 2009, an intensive urban survey was conducted within the city walls in order to map and record all visible archaeological material. The aim of the survey was to provide comprehensive survey and analysis of the remains of Kastro Kallithea, and to link the results to the wider geographical region. The survey comprised three main components: field walking, GIS mapping of the topography and architecture, and an architectural survey.
Thus, the Canadian team was divided into three groups. The first group carried out a digital survey by laying out a 20 x 20 m grid over the whole site and measuring the fortification walls and some of the larger buildings and streets in the centre of the city with a Leica EDM Total Station. The job of the second group, the architectural survey team, was to aid the digital survey team and to mark architectural remains on the site for the first group to measure. The architectural surveyors also measured and drafted plans and elevations of several features by hand: the Acropolis west gate, a small sanctuary on the acropolis, a large public building in the saddle of the site, the main west gate in the external enceinte, and some sections of the enceinte itself. The third group surveyed the grid units that had been laid out using two different artefact collection strategies. One strategy, the unit system, was implemented at three locations: the Acropolis, the saddle, and an area of housing blocks on the east slope of the hill. Almost all artefacts were pottery sherds, mostly small, worn and difficult to date, but cataloguing revealed a small percentage of diagnostic pieces. No coins and only a few pieces of metal were found. Villagers from Kallithea, who generously hosted the survey team, also provided information that led to the rediscovery of five looted graves in the vicinity (see above).
Based on the surface finds, Kastro Kallithea appears to have been occupied from the late fourth to second century BCE, with limited use in the fifth century BCE and Roman and Post-Roman periods. The architectural survey has permitted the detailed recording of the layout of this orthogonally-planned city and its massive 2.4 km long fortification walls which encircle the summit of the hill; a total area of 34 hectares. Through analysis of the spatial organization and the distribution of finds, it is possible to identify domestic, civic, economic and defensive structures and spaces within the urban centre.