PWSS - Magnesian Coast / Artemisium Channel Survey

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PWSS

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Saturday, June 18, 2005 to Friday, June 30, 2006

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Project Description: 

"The second area of investigation in 2005 focused on the Artemision Channel, the site of a famous Greek naval victory over King Xerxes’ Persian fleet in 480 BC fought at the same time as the even more renowned Greek stand at Thermopylae.

The same exploration protocol was followed in the Artemision Channel as the "Hollows of Euboea", where the survey also employed the SuperAchilles. In the course of the survey 30 square kilometers of sea floor were examined for the first time with sidescan sonar supplemented by acoustic profiling. New evidence for sedimentation rates emerged that will enhance the present geological knowledge of bottom conditions." [http://nautarch.tamu.edu/pwss/2005%20Season/2005%20Season.htm]

"The fourth (2006) cruise examined the Magnesian coast and the southern side of the Artemision Channel.

Along the Magnesian coast the expedition collected sidescan sonar targets and acoustic profile data. Their scans covered a linear distance of over 200km and we examined some 75 sidescan anomalies with the Max Rover ROV, while they employed the Thetis to survey regions closer to shore and around rocky headlands.

They visually inspected the coast from modern Cape Sepias north to the plain that divides the massif of Mt. Pelion from that of Mt. Ossa. In this area they searched for remains of Xerxes’ ships destroyed by a nor’easter that lasted three days while the fleet anchored between its base at Therma (modern Thessaloniki) and its stations at Aphetae, opposite the Greek fleet arrayed at Aretemision.

They hoped that the survey of the southern side of the Artemision Channel would not have to contend with deep sediments as this area has yielded some of the most spectacular antiquities recovered from the sea. In the 1920s the famous Artemision bronze statues of the striding god (Zeus or Poseidon), the racehorse and the jockey came from a shipwreck site about 500m offshore from Pevki Bay—the ancient station of the Greek war fleet at Artemision in August, 480 B.C.

One Thetis dive discovered a cluster of some 20 amphoras at the southeastern end of the Artemision channel, strongly suggesting the presence of a shipwreck." [http://nautarch.tamu.edu/pwss/2006%20Season/2006%20Season.htm]

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Project Website: 

http://nautarch.tamu.edu/pwss/2006%20Season/2006%20Season.htm

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