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The Eastern Boeotia Archaeological Project (EBAP) is a multi-phased Greek-Canadian synergasia with the 9th Ephorate of Prehistoric and Classical Antiquities. The project’s long-term goals are the documentation and the interpretation of the diachronic evidence for land use, settlement patterns, and burial practices resulting from the human occupation of eastern Boeotia. This is an area relatively neglected in previous archaeological work but of great importance for understanding the network of communities within Theban territory.
The project, focused specifically on the plains surrounding the modern villages of Arma, Eleon, and Tanagra, first employed an intensive pedestrian survey from 2007 through 2009, which was followed by the commencement of excavations at the site of ancient Eleon (modern Arma) from 2011 to present.
To date, the synthesis of the collected ceramics has confirmed that Eleon’s acropolis had a long history of settlement, with four major phases of activity: Middle Helladic, Late Bronze, late Classical-Hellenistic, and Ottoman. The habitation began in the Early Helladic period with the population growing remarkably given the great increase in ceramic material that can be dated to the Middle Helladic. Evidence curiously suggests that the acropolis was inhabited during the latter part of the LH IIIB period, through the entirety of LH IIIC, and even into the sub-Mycenaean period, a situation quite different from western Boeotia where Oliver Dickinson has suggested there was a general decline.
While only a few Geometric and Archaic sherds were found, there is evidence that the population of Eleon grew again in the later Classical period. This is significant for the dating of the site’s well preserved 70 m curving wall, constructed in the Lesbian polygonal masonry style. Scholars have identified walls of this style as Archaic in date, but evidence indicates that this project was likely to have been carried out in the later Classical period.
Ongoing excavations will do doubt further clarify the complex history of this site and greatly increase our knowledge of the area’s diachronic development.
Aravantinos, Vasilios, Brendan Burke, Bryan Burns, Ioannis Fappas and Susan Lupack. In press. “The Eastern Boeotia Archaeological Project, 2007-2009.” In AETHSE: Third Archaeological Meeting of Thessaly and Central Greece. A. Mazarakis-Ainian ed.
Van Damme, Trevor. Forthcoming. "Euboean Connections with Eastern Boeotia: Ceramics and Synchronisms between Lefkandi and Ancient Eleon." In An Island between Two Worlds: The Archaeology of Euboea from Prehistoric to Classical Times. International Scientific Conference held in Eretria, Greece, July 12-14, 2013.
V. Aravantinos, B. Burke, B. Burns, Y. Fappas, S. Lupack and C.M. MacKay. Forthcoming. “Eastern Boeotia Archaeological Project: Surface Survey of the Eleon Acropolis.” Mouseion 12.3.
Aravantinos, Vasilios, Brendan Burke, Bryn Burns, Ioannis Fappas and Susan Lupack. Forthcoming. “Νεες ανασκαφικές έρευνες στη θέση του αρχαίου Ελεώνα.” In 4th Archaeological Meeting of Thessaly and Central Greece, 2009-2011. From Prehistory to the Later Periods. A. Mazarakis-Ainian, ed. March 2012.
Aravantinos, Vasilios, Brendan Burke, Bryan Burns, Ioannis Fappas, and Susan Lupack. Forthcoming. “Eastern Boeotia: Surface Archaeology and Shifting Settlement Patterns.” In VIth Boeotian Studies Conference, held at Levadia, on September 11, 2010.
Burke, B., B. Burns and A. Charami. 2014. "The Polygonal Wall at Ancient Eleon and the Eastern Boeotia Archaeological Project." Pgs. 249-264. In Meditations on the Diversity of the Built Environment in the Aegean Basin and Beyond. Proceedings of a Colloquium In Memorium of Dr. Frederick E. Winter, Canadian Institute in Greece, June 22-23, 2012. D. Rupp and J. Tomlinson eds. Publications of the Canadian Institute in Greece 8. Athens: Canadian Institute in Greece.
Burke B., B. Burns and A. Charami. 2013. "Excavations at ancient Eleon in Eastern Boeotia 2011-2013." Teiresias: A Review and Bibliography of Boiotian Studies 43.2.
Rupp, David et al. 2012. “The Fieldwork of the Canadian Institute in Greece, 2011: Ancient Eleon (Vassilis Aravantinos, Brendan Burke, and Bryan Burns).” Mouseion 12.2: 129-135.
Rupp, David et al. 2012. “The Fieldwork of the Canadian Institute in Greece, 2010: Eastern Boeotia Archaeological Project (Vasilis Aravantinos, Brendan Burke and Bryan Burns).” Mouseion 12.1: 10-13.
Aravantinos, Vasilios, Brendan Burke, Bryan Burns and Susan Lupack. 2011. “Eastern Boeotia Archaeological Project 2011: Excavations at Ancient Eleon.” Teiresias: A Review and Bibliography of Boiotian Studies 41.2A: 26-38.
Aravantinos, Vasilios, Brendan Burke, Bryan Burns and Susan Lupack. 2009. “The Eastern Boeotia Archaeological Project 2009 Report.” Teiresias: A Review and Bibliography of Boiotian Studies 39.2: 11-13.
Rupp, David. 2009. “The Fieldwork of the Canadian Institute in Greece, 2008: Eastern Boeotia Archaeological Project.” Mouseion 9.2: 181-121.
Pitt, Robert K. 2009. “BOEOTIA: Eastern Boeotia Archaeological Project.” Archaeological Reports 55: 45.
Tsokas, G. et al. 2009. “Geophysical Investigations at the Acropolis of Ancient Eleon (Modern Arma) in Eastern Boeotia.” Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Laboratory of Exploration Geophysics.
Burke, B. 2008. “The Eastern Boeotia Archaeological Project 2007.” Canadian Institute in Greece Bulletin 21: 5-7.
Rupp, David. 2008. “The Fieldwork of the Canadian Institute in Greece, 2007: Eastern Boeotia Archaeological Project.” Mouseion 8.2: 241-264.
Aravantinos, Vasilios, Brendan Burke, Bryan Burns and Susan Lupack. 2007. “Eastern Boeotia Archaeological Project (EBAP).” Teiresias: A Review and Bibliography of Boiotian Studies 37.2: 25-27.