Project Team Members:
Excavations of the acropolis area followed two objectives: firstly, to shed light on the dating of numerous phases of the visible military architecture so as to obtain a chronological framework applicable to other medium sized sites elsewhere in Boeotia and, secondly, to examine in detail the site’s habitation sequence roughly outlined only by diagnostic ceramics collected in the course of surface surveys. The final publication of the Bronze Age material (Morin 2004) represents one of the few detailed chronological sequences which has been published for Boeotian sites of this period. However, it should be noted that most of these ceramics were found in contexts displaced by the later Classical and Hellenistic constructions.
Overall, the acropolis zone is a high plateau surrounded by an ashlar circuit wall dating to the 4th century BCE. Extensive sections of the wall have been repaired in mortar and tile, indicative of a much later phase, and the primary gateway was reorganized during a hypothesized 4th century CE reoccupation. A square tower (Tower 5) is found along the middle section of the north wall while a rectangular tower (Tower 7) stood on a protrusion of rock and had numerous roof tile fragments inserted into its walls.
The reconstruction style, associated with ceramic finds, suggests a significant period of Late Roman occupation. Signs of activities for this period reach almost down to bedrock and removed all but a few traces of Classical constructions. The site reoccupation was likely brief, as there is a notable absence of Byzantine remains. Excavation results were supported by surface survey results on the acropolis, which collected all sherds and noted few Helladic pieces but a general wide spread of sherds with no obvious concentration for Classical, Hellenistic, and Roman material.